Hook Up Wire
About Hook Up Wire
WesBell Electronics offers a long line of PVC hook up wire from 10 awg to 28 awg. Hookup wire UL 1007 (300 Volts) and UL 1015 (600 Volts) are the most basic forms, but we also offer 1000 and 3000 Volt upon request. We sell outdoor electrical wire and, if you’re working on an electrical project indoors, try out Romex® wire.
If you’re looking for high temperature wire please take a look at our PTFE Wire. Instead of a tin coating over the copper strands, PTFE wire uses a silver coating to help with corrosion at high temperatures.
Hook up wire, lead wire, high temperature wire, automotive wire and electrical wire are all broad terms describing certain types of one conductor wire. Using these terms can be confusing because each type of lead wire has its own attributes that may or may not be included in all of them. For instance, you might ask for standard “lead wire” for your indoor project. UL1007 and UL1015 are both standard types of lead wire but one is rated for 300 volts and the other for 600 volts.
Be prepared to answer a few easy questions when speaking to a supplier. As a distributor for hook up wire, we want to have various types ready to ship for all of our unique customers. Therefore, we don’t want to assume that you’re using PVC wire when you actually need high temperature PTFE wire.
Hook Up Wire
Hook up wire is basically a very broad description of one conductor wires. However, the term is mostly used towards the electronic PVC wire with tinned copper strands. It’s made with tinned copper to help with the solder process because it adheres to the tinned copper much better than the bare copper strands. It suffers a very small amount on the conductivity because of the added tin but it’s a very small amount and shouldn’t affect the application.
Hook up wire is mostly used as an appliance wire or lead wire. It’s made with smaller awg strands to be more flexible than electrical wire. THHN wire is supposed to be less flexible so that it can be pushed through conduit easier. It’s also made with a nylon coating which acts as a lubrication and also helps the process. Electrical wire is made with bare copper because you shouldn’t need to solder it at any time, and it you do then you should think about a different type of hook up wire that will better suit your application.
PVC wire without the nylon coating should not be used outdoors because it wont resist water or moisture of any kind. It can ruin the wire quickly and force you to replace it with a suitable type of hook up wire. Some people call and try to use it as dog fence wire but, like I said, it cant be used outdoors. THHN wire can be used as dog fence wire if you’re keeping it above ground or putting it in conduit. Most likely that’s not the case though and you’ll need to call a pet shop to get the actual dog fence wire with a special insulation for direct burial.
WesBell sells all types of hook up wire and if you cant find what you’re looking for online then please call and speak to one of our sales representatives. Not only will they help you price out the best wire, but they’ll also help you find the cheapest wire or cable for your application. The more technical the situation, the more expensive the wire is in most cases. So our sales team can help you out with our knowledge and expertise to find you exactly what you need without trying to over sell you what you might need.
We also allow you to buy small amounts of wire and cable because we understand you need to avoid waste. Most of our electrical wire can be purchased by the foot and we also sell small 100′ spools of our hook up wire. WesBell has great customer service and we offer free shipping on orders over $250.00 so that you don’t have to call trucking companies and search for good rates.
PVC Lead Wire
There are a few things you might want to know about hook up wire before going out and purchasing it. There are a few different insulation types and voltage ratings that might help you make a better decision about your application.
Hook up wire that is UL rated 1007 is a standard PVC wire rated for 300 volts. Then there’s a UL1015 PVC wire with a thicker jacket rated for 600 volts. Usually the UL1007 version only comes in 16 awg through 26 awg and the UL1015 comes in 16 awg through 10 awg. The main reason for that is the size of the wire itself. Usually when you order the smaller gauge size you need less voltage, so it ends up being more of a standard.
The next thing to look at in the hook up wire family is the insulation type. There’s PVC wire, PTFE wire, electrical wire and even high temperature wire. The PVC wire is explained above and it’s the cheapest and most basic type. Then the electrical wire has a PVC jacket with a nylon coating to allow it to slip through conduit easier and also resist water, oil and solvents. PTFE wire and high temperature wire fall into the same category because PTFE wire is rated at 200 degrees Celsius where PVC wire is all rated from 90°C-105°C. Both names for high temperature wire come up a lot because it’s made with a PTFE jacket and it’s a much higher temperature rating.
It would probably be best to talk to your sales person at WesBell Electronics to better assist you with the hook up wire that you need. We understand the different insulations very well because we deal with them everyday and have seen many different types of applications.
3 Hook Up Wire Characteristics to Remember
Hook up wire is manufactured with a solid copper strand or thinly woven copper strands. Using thin copper strands will make the wire more flexible for those applications that need bend ability. A solid strand of copper will keep the wire stiff so that it can be molded into the necessary position and remain there.
There is typically a tin coating over the bare copper strands, which was enforced to help adhere to solder. Before tinned copper strands it was difficult to stick solder to bare copper when manufacturing wire harnesses and assemblies. Now, the tin will slightly melt and form with the solder to make a much quicker and more secure connection between the hook up wire and solder.
PVC insulation is the most basic type for standard electronic hook up wire. Lead wires are use in electronics and appliances that could be in the setting of different temperatures, environments and amounts of power. Taking all of the necessary characteristics in mind will help you make your money last longer. In other words, make sure the temperature of the hook up wire insulation exceeds the temperature setting it will be placed in. Also be sure that the environment doesn’t create any additional problems for the insulation such as water, gas, oil and solvents that could eat away at the insulation if it doesn’t have the proper resistance.
Cutting and Stripping Hook Up Wire
The cheapest way to cut and strip hook up wire is by hand. You can buy a pair of wire strippers that will cut lead wires and strip the insulation off without damaging the copper strands. Each hole in the pair of wire strippers has a number that relates to the AWG of the wire you’re cutting. Make sure to put 24 AWG wire in the number 24 slot because it cuts down to the diameter of 24 AWG.
Once your hook up wire is cut and stripped the copper strands can fray. You can use your finger tips to twist the strands back together and add a small amount of solder so that they cannot fray again. That will also ensure a secure connection of all the strands to the device.
Hook Up Wire Stripping Machine
If you plan on cutting and stripping wire for a living you might want to consider buying a machine that automates the process. You can set the machine to cut the hook up wire to 7 inches with a 1/8″ strip on both ends. Then you’ll feed the wire through and it cuts about 5000 pieces per hour. Even though it’s a machine perfection isn’t guaranteed. I suggest setting it for about 1000 pieces at a time so that you can double check the length and make any necessary tweaks that need to be done.
WesBell Electronics is an ISO 9001 certified company that cuts and strips hook up wire. We have strict procedures that state how to check quality such as, “check the length and strip of 10 out of 1000 pieces to ensure quality of product.” We’ve been getting endless feedback from customers about the quality of our parts and merit the compliments to our ISO certificate.
3 Types of PVC Hook Up Wire
1. Basic PVC Hook Up Wire
Basic PVC hook up wire comes in 300 and 600 volts and it can be purchased on many online websites including this one. It’s rated to withstand 105°C and many solvents, gasses and oils. These lead wires are commonly used in wire harnesses that are placed in electronic devices and appliances that require lighting or controls. Each switch or light will need a wire connection to be turned on and off.
2. Irradiated PVC Hook Up Wire
Irradiated hook up wire is also known as solder resistant hook up wire because it resists solder iron heat during the assembly process. Most times, lead wires are cut to length and a small amount of insulation is stripped to expose the copper strands. The copper strands are then connected to a circuit board or a terminal for a wire harness. This process often requires the use of solder and it’s applied at very high temperatures that normally melt basic PVC insulation. That problem was fixed with irradiated PVC insulation. I suggest using it when using a solder iron to protect the insulation which, in turn, protects the copper strands.
3. Alpha PVC ECO Wire
Alpha Wire recently designed their brand of ECO wire which is environmentally friendly PVC hook up wire. “Going Green” is a term that can be used to describe Alpha’s very popular ECO and ECO plus lead wire. It’s manufactured with a more durable PVC insulation that can withstand much more than your average lead wire. The best part is that the ECO wire insulation doesn’t harm any part of the environment during production. Alpha Wire has always been a few steps ahead in the industry with a high quality product.
10 General Hook Up Wire Phrases
1. Hook Up Wire
Hook up wire is generally described as single-conductor-wire that “hooks up” electricity. The problem with asking a supplier for hook up wire is that there are many different types of insulation that exert different voltage and temperature levels. Be sure to dig a little deeper before buying anything online.
2. Lead Wire
Lead wire is another term that means the same as hook up wire. Small lead wires are used in wire harness assemblies, electronic devices and appliances. Again, be careful when buying lead wire online because there are insulation and protection levels that alter the price of lead wire.
3. PVC Wire
PVC wire gets more specific because PVC, Polyvinyl Chloride, is a type of insulation with standard voltage and temperature levels. You can get UL1007 300 volt wire or UL1015 600 volt wire but you can’t vary temperature or protection level of PVC wire.
4. PTFE Wire
PTFE wire and high temperature wire are both terms that require a temperature level higher than PVC insulation. PTFE stands for Polytetrafluoroethyene and it withstands temperatures up to 200°C instead of 105°C. PTFE hook up wire can also come in 600 and 1000 volts.
5. Automotive Wire
GXL, TXL, SXL and SGX are all types of automotive wire which have slightly more protection than PVC wire. They are used in automotive assemblies that require slightly higher heat protection up to 150°C. When you state that you need automotive wire there will be a few more questions to answer before matching you with the exact lead wire you need.
6. Electronic Wire
Electronic wire is another phrase used in place of PVC and PTFE wire. Electronic wire is used in electronic devices and appliances that remain indoors. The specific temperature, voltage and flexibility will need to be determined to make sure your installation is done correctly.
7. Electrical Wire
Electrical wire refers to wires that come out of your electrical box. They travel throughout your home to the light switches, outlets and appliances. They’re designed to be stiff instead of flexible because once they’re installed they remain in the same spot for life. They are typically much bigger in size than PVC and PTFE wire and rely more on the amount of copper than the insulation.
8. Building Wire
Building wire is another term very similar to electrical wire that contractors and electricians like to use. They need building wire for the electrical installation of THHN and NMB cable. Homes and buildings have very similar electrical wiring set up that travel from the electrical box throughout the walls to anything that needs power.
9. Mil Spec Wire
Many government agencies and contractors require hook up wire to be Mil Spec approved. Mil Spec is short for Military Specification which is basically a Military part number. Some of the wire mentioned above also has a Mil Spec number or a UL, Underwriters Laboratories, number that shows it has been approved by a third party. For instance, Joe Shmoe manufacturer will make a lead wire and say that it’s rated for 600 volts and 105°C but who believes Joe Some manufacturer? Mil Spec approved wire means that the Military also approved it to handle the voltage and temperature levels and, therefore, want to buy the Mil Spec wire ONLY.
10. Dog Fence Wire
People constantly go online to find cheaper dog fence wire to lower the cost of the kit that can be purchased all together. Dog fence wire uses Polypropelene insulation which can be buried directly in the ground without affecting the life of the insulation. Many people will try to use THHN electrical wire in its place because it’s cheaper. Well, it’s cheaper for a reason and that reason is that THHN is not approved for direct burial and dog fence wire is approved.